Security Operations Center (SOC)
A security operations center, often shortened to SOC, is the division of an organization responsible for the organization’s security posture. This includes proactive measures, like configuring and maintaining a firewall and IDS; and reactive measures, like removing malware from infected machines and revoking the rights of compromised user accounts.
An organization’s size, requirements, environment, and so on determine many of the specifics of its SOC. A large enterprise, for instance, may hire a large team of analysts to provide coverage around the clock — which is neither feasible nor necessary for smaller companies. Small businesses can benefit from cloud-based security services and automation, which together reduce both hardware and staffing costs.